The conditions of aged-women suffering from Osteoporosis at menopause depends on two factors— the peak bone mineral density achieved before menopause and the rate of bone loss after menopause.
Factors that affects Osteoporosis at menopause:
- A small and thin body frame
- Family history of Osteoporosis
- Premature Menopause
- Insufficient intake of calcium and vitamin-D
- Lifestyle—Lesser physical activity
- Origin—Asian or Caucasian race
- Medications—Certain medications for Asthma, thyroid, seizure disorders, arthritis, gastrointestinal diseases
- Excessive use of alcohol
- Increasing age
Physiological stresses can aggravate the bone loss rate such as pregnancy, immobility, and nursing. The biggest factor affects bone density is estrogen deficiency. Bone loss aggravates during perimenopause—the transition phase when estrogen levels drops significantly.
Factors that increases Bone mass:
- Adequate intake of Calcium and Vitamin D
- Active Lifestyle
- Balanced diet helps in absorption of calcium
- Exposure to sunlight
- Less stress
- Minimum medications
Which women at risk of Osteoporosis at menopause?
- During menopause, the levels of estrogen produced by the ovaries greatly reduce causing the risk of bone loss to increase significantly.
- Surgical removal of ovaries accelerates the process of bone loss to rapid level unless estrogen replacement therapy commencement.
- Inadequate intake of Calcium throughout life increases the chances of bone loss since calcium is one of the main components in the bone.
- Asian women and white women face the greatest risk of osteoporosis.
- An inactive lifestyle can put women at a higher risk of developing osteoporosis.
- Women with a slender build experience more bone loss than other women.
- Family history of osteoporosis puts women at higher risk of developing this condition.
- Certain medications such as diuretics, steroids, and anti-convulsants increase the risk of osteoporosis.
- Women who drink alcohol or smoke experience a higher incidence of osteoporosis.
Vitamin D is also extremely important for bones. It helps our bodies in the absorption of Calcium from the gut. Vitamin D intake of 400-800 IU is recommended per day. Just mere 15 minutes a day of sun exposure without sunscreen gives the desired level for most people. This essential vitamin can also be taken through the dietary route. Consuming Vitamin D rich foods and supplements can meet the daily recommended dose.
Read about Menopause in Women: Effects and consequences